The route of drugs in cycling

The UCI took the tip of a ball of doping in sport pedal lifetime sanctioned Lance Armstrong and withdrew won seven tour

Listen Willy, you’d better go on back roads, “was the first tip. The year was 1998 when the Festina team doctor made ​​the recommendation to the assistant Willy Voet. Why worry if Voet simply wearing material destined port of Calais at the start of the Tour de France, that started that year from Dublin? The car was a bomb. The traveling bag 400 doses of illegal products, especially EPO, the queen then, the magical potion undetectable. But Voet understood it was a formality. “What I was going to pass. We thought we were untouchable! It could go 200 kilometers on a highway and you salvabas giving him a jersey (shirt) the policeman on duty, “he said at the time the daily As. And made ​​the trip this July 8, the day before the Tour. In Neuville-en-Ferrain , a town on the French-Belgian border, was waiting crouched customs police. They went straight to the bag. They found the arsenal: EPO 200 ampoules, nearly 100 of growth hormone and testosterone dozen boxes. The equivalent strength and oxygen capsules. Voet was arrested. And hunting in what might be called the Die Potenzmittel kamagra, Sidalis, Hard on 120, Oral Jelly, super p force und Sidalis ohne Rezept bestellen began. Festina case that resulted in police lock-ups stuffed french open. As they marched cyclists, medical directors and Festina. Questioned.Treated as drug traffickers. Eco, Magic Potion How does EPO and why is not detected is the big question? Autotransfusion or EPO injections filled the bloodstream. Raise the hematocrit is the percentage of blood in the veins. Without exceeding the legal limit, 50%. But they have a side effect: the body reacts and stops producing these cells on their own. At that point stop doping controls. When they discover that an athlete tests stopped creating cells, light alarms. The detection method is Australian: measures the amount of reticulocytes, young red blood cells. If not, suspect. Of course, for every law there is a catch. The micro doses of EPO. The doctors believe that cheaters are undetectable.Its footprint disappears soon. So if 2000 units of EPO injected before, now reach 200. A drop in the blood stream. Although sufficient to arouse the production of red blood cells. And it confuses the controls. The fact is that the scandal that began in 1998 appears to have ended Monday with the lifetime ban the American cyclist Lance Armstrong, who gouged won all tours.Since then the bike was not the same. The shadow of doping always flew in all competitions. In 1999, several of the Mapei team cyclists were arrested; Vandenbroucke appeared implicated in a plot of doping and Pantani was expelled from Giro that was won by overcoming the rate of hematocrit. In 2001 the Giro became crazy records; Dario Frigo was expelled, and appeared a syringe with insulin in Pantani’s room. In 2002, Garzelli, leader of the Giro, tested positive. The Tour that year, Rumsas wife was arrested with a cargo of dopants. In the Vuelta 2004, Hamilton and Santiago Pérez fell through blood transfusion. A year later came the positive EPO Heras. In 2006 Operation Puerto doping found curled around Euphemianus doctor Fuentes. The client list: Ullrich, Basso, Sevilla, Mancebo, and teams Valencian Community and Liberty. The Tour Landis won that season. Three days later he jumped positive for testosterone. In 2007, Vinokourov tested positive for the Grande Boucle and Rasmussen, overall race leader, was set apart by having dodged two prior to the Tour doping controls your computer. And now a new pearl in the long necklace madness. King of the cycling world loses the crown. The world woke up shocked by the news that the International Cycling Union (UCI) decided to strip the American Lance Armstrong of his seven Tour titles in France and forbid compete for life. The council president, Pat McQuaid announced that the federation accepted the report of the United States Anti-Doping Agency on Armstrong. The decision allows organizers of the Tour officially remove the name of Armstrong’s book marks, canceling their consecutive wins from 1999 to 2005. Tour director Christian Prudhomme said failure to accept the ICU and in those years have not officially test winners. The decision is made ​​on Friday. Just in case: those who entered with a history behind Armstrong doping. McQuaid was very hard to convict around estaounidense rider “has no place in cycling, it is better to forget.” THE CRAZY RACE ARMSTRONG July 27 1999: Wins his first Tour de France. July 23, 2000: Wins his second Tour. In November, comes to light judicial investigation for doping during the Tour team. 2001: Conquer the Tour for the third year. He revealed that he had consulted the Italian doctor Michele Ferrari, implicated in the case by the use of EPO to beat the hour record.July 28, 2001: Win the Tour for the fourth time and is dismissed the case against him after undergoing urinalysis and blood in August. 2003: Wins Fifth Tour and divorces. 2004: Weeks before the start of the Tour, is accused of taking performance-enhancing drugs in the book by David Walsh and Pierre Ballester. 2004: Wins the sixth Tour France, becoming the winningest rider in the history of the gala event. 2004: His former assistant Mike Ardenson prohibited complaint found in his apartment and helped him escape Unannounced substances. April 18, 2005: Win seventh Tour and moves the world to retire. 2005: scandal a month of being away, L’Equipe reports that new positive tests for EPO in six of Armstrong’s urine samples allegedly taken during the 1999 Tour. 2006: In May is exonerated by the UCI doping allegations in 1999 because the controls were not developed under sound scientific standards. September 9, 2008: Announces his return to professional cycling. 2010: Landis admits he doped when he ran in the US Postal Service, and accuses several former teammates, including Armstrong. 2011: In January, a Sports Illustrated article quotes Stephen Swart, Armstrong mate in 1995, to claim that the seven-time Tour champion was the instigator for the team doparan with EPO. 2011: In February, announced his retirement from cycling high competition. 2011: In May another bomb: his former teammate Hamilton said he and Armstrong took EPO Tours in 1999, 2000 and 2001. June 13, 2012: USADA files formal charges against Armstrong for doping (blood transfusions, EPO, testosterone and corticosteroids) and is suspended. July 10, 2012: USADA sanctions lifetime three former employees of Armstrong’s US Postal participate in a systematic doping system. August 23, 2012: USADA anticipates that it will suspend for life and taken away all the titles won since 1998.August 24, 2012: USADA suspends and perpetual disqualification from all competitions in who participated. October 22, 2012: The UCI becomes effective lifetime ban and takes the prize won seven Tours.

If you’re a cyclist, these are the best apps for your iPhone

Cycling is one of the most popular sports . Along with his art and is a relatively inexpensive sport to practice simplicity, since beyond the price of the bicycle and an accessory element is completely free, allows us to connect with nature, enjoy the scenery, I practice only or with friends and in addition has majorsignificant benefits in terms of health.

Whether its normal practice, or inserted into other sports such as triathlon fashion lately , and you’re a keen cyclist or fully dedicate yourself to compete, it is necessary firstly to follow the advice already givenhere , and Second, you register all your brands and the largest amount of data possible about your tour, to improve, to find new routes and ultimately be able to enjoy this sport.

For the latter, we present today is a collection of applications that you should have in your iPhone to go cycling.

Runtastic Road Bike PRO

Application Runtastic Road Bike PRO

The important family of applications on health, sport and fitness Runtastic This app promotion contains everything you need and can imagine on the cycling activity. We have detailed, interactive maps, GPS monitoring, record your route in real time to share it with friends, weather, speed measurement, detection, staging, etc. One thing to note is that we have maps offline , important detail if our paths and roads route travels through places without coverage.

App Store | Runtastic Road Bike (4,99 euros)

Velopal

Application Velopal

With Velopal we can collect all data related to our business as cyclists. From route, speed, ups and downs, or distance, to record all our activity from a calendar , allowing us an overview of it. It also includes some training, with which we can improve on the bike. In another vein, we may share information via social networks like Facebook and Twitter and use several applications at once without affecting its operation.

App Store | Velopal (Free)

Map My Ride+

Application Map My Ride +

Besides all the functions related to data collection found in other applications, Map My Ride + contains a number of important options. Lets count calories, track weight loss, and several other possibilities, relating to nutrition and food. We can also synchronize your application with devices known brands of watches and heart rate monitors , in order to have at our disposal data on the frequency or heart rate. It also emphasizes the possibility of knowing our business statistics in real time.

App Store | Map My Ride+ (2,69 euros)

Cycelemeter

Cyclemeter App

Cycelemeter is an application created and perfected for the cycling activity . Record number of data, save an unlimited number of workouts, provides statistics by days, weeks, months or years and can synchronize this data with iCloud, to be analyzed in other devices like the iPad. Among its options, we can turn out the headphones from the application, excluding downtime total count , or several voices to choose to listen to our real-time statistics.

App Store | Cycelemeter (Free)

Biological BikeBrain

Biological application BikeBrain

Biological BikeBrain is an application on the cycling activity, but that is mainly based on their ability to sync with other devices. Allows an extensive data collection, but without reaching the levels of some that we have already analyzed. In terms of timing, if it is the most remarkable , because it allows us to match more than one sensor of different bikes. Apart from this, you have interesting options such as on-screen to select a high contrast for better visualization of the data , and those relating to the customization which allows you to choose the data you want to see.

App Store | Biological BikeBrain (Gratis)


After analyzing these applications we can conclude that we have many and varied options to choose from , and for practice of a cycling amateur level, and where our paths are for conventional roads any application of these we can serve and convincing.

If we practice a more professional level cycling, or competing in sports such as triathlon, if we may need applications that we can demand more. In this case we would recommend Map My Ride + and Runtastic PRO Road Bike , but only specifically at cycling, Cyclemeter seems an excellent choice too.

Five essential books about cycling

Books about cycling and bikes are many, and fortunately more and more. This is just a selection of some of the most important titles of all time, volumes that explain why there are people who love this sport, that unravel the personality of some of its major figures or explain its murky secrets.
 - Books of Lince

Tim Krabbé, ‘The rider’. Books of Lince

• Tim Krabbé, ‘Cyclist’

Probably the best novel starring on wheels. The rider is based on personal experience of the author, one of the most recent times exitodos Dutch writers and, in turn, amateur racer. Narra from start to finish a race, the Tour de Mont Aigoual, in southern France, where Krabbé enter to win in 1977. In addition to reviewing the events that happen on the road with incredible precision and sensitivity, the book it is full of thoughts, memories and anecdotes, and is a huge tribute to the sport. Reading it is so recommended for cycling enthusiasts and for those who do not understand why people can withstand rain, intense heat and suffering on a bike.A true ode to the sport. More »
 - Culture Cycling

Laurent Fignon, ‘We were young and unconscious’.Culture Cycling

• Laurent Fignon, ‘We were young and unconscious’

Perhaps the best autobiography of a professional racer. And no wonder: a Fignon called him Professor hence its image (ponytail and glasses, something strange in the bunch) and by their intellectual inclinations, and had a well earned reputation for lacking outspoken.In this book, the winner of the Tour de France in 1983 and 1984 gives an overview of his time cycling, perhaps the last in which there was a certain innocence in this sport. Fignon recounts his brilliant start to the competition, clashes with legendary names like Hinault, Zoetemelk or Delgado, injuries and disappointments he suffered when he was supposed to reach its maximum level, and do not forget to remember the Tour 1989 , lost by eight seconds in front of Greg LeMond in the last stage against the clock. In the pages were young and unaware wild parties after the races, panoramic views over the murkier side of cycling and eventually widespread doping swept his generation of the top of the rankings are also strained. More »

 - HarperSport

John Green, ‘The fault in our stars pdf’. HarperSport

• John Green, ‘The fault in our stars pdf

Available currently only in English, this The fault in our stars pdf book of British journalist Richard Moore is magnetic, more than a biography to use. It is as strange as its protagonist, Robert Millar Scottish climber in the eighties, King of the Mountain Tour and the most successful until the arrival of the current British cyclist Cavendish or Wiggins . Distant, no friend of compromise, vegetarian in a world of carnivores, almost nobody in the squad know much about Millar. When he retired, he still knew less of him practically lives in some unknown place held by the public and closely guarded by his few acquaintances. In fact, the best thing about this book are the adventures of Moore in his fruitless search of the retired cyclist, a character. More »

 - Books of the KO

Ander Izaguirre, ‘Lead in pockets’. Books KO

• Ander Izaguirre, ‘Lead in pockets’

The Tour de France is the biggest cycling race in the world, which gets more media coverage and one of the toughest. This volume presents a fine sense of humor the best stories that generated the French round along its hundred editions: the mad and desperate running in appalling conditions in the early days of the murkyLance Armstrong , no Izaguirre anecdote does not register an indispensable book.More »

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David Millar, ‘Cycling in the dark’.

• David Millar, ‘Cycling in the dark’

More than a book, a confession and exorcism. David Millar, today one of the oldest active professional riders, experienced firsthand the hardest time of doping in cycling at the beginning of this century. In Pedalenado in darkness tells how he started in the fascination of this sport, and how it was slowly falling into the vicious circle of professionalism in not winning means staying out of equipment and economic privileges. After starting his career so brilliant, even to wear the yellow jersey of the Tour, Millar comes a time when you are stuck. Although at first it’s totally contrary to doping, resolves that in a squad where ninety percent of the runners turn to illegal substances, he has no other you take them if you want to continue succeeding. The book recounts his dalliances with drugs that produce sports performance and also his downfall, when he was arrested along with some of his team for using illegal stimulants. And also has its revival, which has been leading in recent times the Slipstream team, leading in the race and totally clean. More »